Wednesday, September 27, 2017

Florence Kelley and the Progressive Era



Florence Kelley (1859-1932) was one of the great woman reformers of the Progressive Era. She campaigned tirelessly for labor rights, including limits on child labor and women's working hours.

Even though she was born into a wealthy family, she learned from example. Her own father removed himself from his business so that he could become an abolitionist preacher.

Florence also had four other sisters--but none of her sisters survived childhood. She grew up the only surviving daughter and only had a distant memory of her small sisters who died young. Really, however, we should all claim "sisterhood" with Florence Kelley. Her whole life was devoted to helping others. She was a socialist who even corresponded with Engels. At this time, however, socialism did not have the negative conotations that it has today. Socialists were responsible for supporting political and judicial reforms that we would take for granted today. One of the cases she supported was Muller vs. Oregon. When Mr. Muller overworked his female employee, the State of Oregon fined him $10.00. He took his appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States, where Justice Brandeis prepapared a long brief, based on studies that showed the harmful effects of long working hours on the female body. Mr. Muller lost....and soon other laws would support greater protections for women.

Wednesday, August 30, 2017

Welcome to Sprague, Freshman Students

Mrs. Olsen is back at Sprague, ready and willing to teach 176 Freshman students history.

This is the first time in her career she has taught the same class.  That means she will be able to be even more creative and use the new teaching methods she learned in Boston this summer.

Mrs. Olsen is a graduate of Sprague High School, and though she looks about 29, she can remember the assassination of John F. Kennedy.  That's a lot of history since then.

She spent her summer building her front deck and painting her house.  She has two rabbits, two dogs, and two cats that think they own her.  It has been a long hot summer, and she is happy to be back and the air conditioned school.   This summer she spent some time with the National Endowment for the Humanities in the Boston Area learning about the first major Indian War with the Colonists.  She also spent some time in Plymouth and saw where the pilgrims lived.  She even ate a pilgrim meal that was authentic for the time.  It wasn't quite Burger King.   She asked if they had catsup, and the leaders gave her a dirty look.  Mrs. Olsen puts catsup on the catsup.

We will start this year reading a great book about a boy growing up in a New York tenement called Finn Reardon.  This will be one of many books we will read this year.  I'm looking forward having a great year in my new room, Room 161.

Friday, June 16, 2017

End of the year wrap up

Students were given detailed final exam guides to help them.   Scores are consistent with students' overall grades.

I wish all my Freshman and Sophomore students a great summer.

Mrs. Olsen will be in Boston this summer studying 17th century interactions between Indians and settlers...the best part is that she will learn more history "stuff" and great teaching hints to help her next year in the classroom.  Plus:  her ancestors lived in the same area, and one of them was killed in an Indian War, "King Phillip's War,"  so it will be of double interest for her.

Mrs. Olsen is also a member of the Library Board and is encouraging students to visit the library for some great reading books.  Teens have their own separate section of the library---and it really has wonderful selections and great DVDS.

See you in a few months!

Friday, May 19, 2017

Six Degrees of Separation and Adolph Hitler

Just how far are you separated from famous and infamous people?
There is the idea that we are only separated "six degrees" of separation from other people.
Mrs. Olsen has met two people who had close contact with Adolph Hitler--so that means there is only one person between her and the famous dictator.  So, far all her students--they are only two degrees of separation from one of the most evil men of all time.
One day, several years, ago, she met a woman at a nursing home in Salem, who had met Hitler as a young woman.  He was then the leader of Germany, but World War II had not yet begun.  She had been an excellent swimmer and was the winner of several swim meets.  He came through her small town in Germany and shook hands with her and awarded the medal.   The woman was quite elderly, but she asked to remain anonymous.  Still, she said that Hitler smiled at her and made small talk.

The next man, was Arnie Lehman, who was one of the last messenger boys for Hitler when he was living in a bunker underneath the city of Berlin.  He was only 15 when he ran back and forth delivering messages from the bunker to military personnel around the city.  Arnie lived in Oregon and spoke at the Salem Public Library in 2003.  He has since died, but it was interesting to hear him talk about the last days of Germany before it was defeated in World War II.

Its kind of neat to know that history--even history about the bad guys--is not that far removed from my students who are learning about the Rise of Dictators and World War II.


Thursday, April 20, 2017

Harlem Renaissance

In the 1920s, in Harlem, New York, a groups of mostly African Americans gathered together to create a dynamic time of creativity in music, dance, and poetry.   The writers and musicians who participated during this time are iconic:  they include the poets Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston, and the Jazz Musicians Duke Ellington.  There were many other African American women and men who were known as icons of this age.  The Harlem Renaissance also influences communities in Paris, where the dancer, Josephine Baker became wildly popular.  However there were still unusual racial divides:  The Cotton Club provided all black entertainment to an all white audience.

Unfortunately, the spirit of the Harlem Renaissance did not extend into the segregated South, where African Americans faced severe restrictions, voting limitations, and limited opportunities.  Earlier, there had been waves of migration out of the South to the Northern Cities and Southern California.  The Harlem Renaissance ended abruptly with the Great Depression.  Even the great art, music, and vibrancy would not withstand the huge economic shocks that occurred.  The audiences dried up: and most of the former entertainers were left looking for work.

Still, it remains a wonderful opportunity to study how black culture flowered after the decades long struggle to establish a non-slave identity.

Thursday, March 2, 2017

The Great Flu Pandemic of 1918-1920

In 1918, the greatest health disaster in human history unfolded.  A influenza, more deadly than any seen before circled the globe.

It was an unusual flu:  it targeted not just the very young and elderly, but the healthiest of the population.  For pregnant women it was especially lethal:  almost 70% of pregnant women who caught the flu ended up dying.

There are many books written about this flu.  Students in 9th grade just did a FACT or OPINION discussion about the flu.  They examined many primary documents about this serious event.

I remember asking my grandmother about this.  My grandmother, Mae Tigner, was born in 1902.  She told me that she was told to "stay in" and communities stopped socializing as the flu spread from city to city.

In Alaska, the Inuit or Native American population suffered worse:  the communities had to face an onslaught of the flu, measles and diphtheria.  Some communities lost everyone:  only months later when the spring thaw began did people discover whole villages that had succumbed to illness.

The flu epidemic was quickly "forgotten" compared to the disaster it was.  It was lumped into the general disaster of World War I and the Russian Revolution.  Also, the fact that so many died meant that mourning the victims was done not just privately but collectively.  As I told my students, most of them had relatives that suffered from this flu, or even died from it.

Monday, January 30, 2017

BEGINNING of SECOND SEMESTER

Both 10th and 9th graders are back to work at the beginning of second semester.  I just hope we have NO MORE snow days. 

Ninth graders will be learning about World War I.   This is always an interesting and sad event.  One of my favorite stories from World War I, is that of the famous pigeon, Cher Amis. 
On October 30, 1918, Charles Whittlesey dispatched messages by pigeon, when his men were trapped.  The first message, "Many wounded. We cannot evacuate." was shot down. A second bird was sent with the message, "Men are suffering. Can support be sent?" That pigeon also was shot down. Only one homing pigeon was left: "Cher Ami". She was dispatched with a note in a canister on her left leg,
We are along the road paralell (sic) to 276.4. Our own artillery is dropping a barrage directly on us. For heavens sake stop it.
As Cher Ami tried to fly back home, the Germans saw her rising out of the brush and opened fire. For several moments, Cher Ami flew with bullets zipping through the air all around her.  She managed to deliver the message but was gravely wounded.  She healed of her wounds and went on tour to the United States.  A little wooden leg was carved for her...but sadly, her life was cut short, even for a pigeon, and she died a year later.